Overview


Subject/Sub-Subject: Language Arts/Oral Language


Title: Phoneme Tongue Twisters


Understanding Goal

K.4 Understand that words are made up of small units of sound and that these sounds can be blended to make a word K.7 Understand that written words are composed of letters that represent specific sounds. 1.6 Understand that knowledge of the sounds of letters can be applied to read or spell words. 2.4 Understand the need to apply phonetic strategies to decode and spell words.

Investigative Question

i.e. What is the first sound in apple?

Grade(s): 4, preK
Audience: English Language Learners
Learners:
Required Vocabulary: N/A
Prior Content Knowledge: N/A
Standards

Field Tests

Click on the title to expand the description of each field test

Sources

Phoneme Tongue Twisters

Understanding Goal

K.4 Understand that words are made up of small units of sound and that these sounds can be blended to make a word K.7 Understand that written words are composed of letters that represent specific sounds. 1.6 Understand that knowledge of the sounds of letters can be applied to read or spell words. 2.4 Understand the need to apply phonetic strategies to decode and spell words.

Click on an image for more information.

Slideshow Icon View as a slideshow
Childersburg, Alabama. Cousa Court defense housing project. Laughing boy Childersburg, Alabama. Cousa Court defense housing project. Laughing girl Adam Forepaugh & Sells Brothers enormous shows combined. Wondrous Sumatra, African and South-American wild beasts and birds, ... Brushing lard on freshly-baked bread in Spanish-American farm home near Taos, New Mexico Jeffersontown, Kentucky. The Jefferson County ommunity cannery, started by the WPA (Work Projects Administration), now conducted by the state (?) vocational education department. Women pay three cents each for cans and two cents per can for use of the pressure cooker. Mrs. Fred Kemper(left), and Mrs. Roland Kemper canning asparagus that they bought in the market [Job Small and dog]

The King of the Diomede Islands and Louis Levy

[Field of daisies and orange flowers, possibly hawkweed, Vermont] Spanish-American boy weeding the garden, Chamisal, New Mexico

Another voice for Cleveland / F.B. An Esquimau family and igloo--exact reproduction in size and shape of their snow huts. World's Fair, St. Louis, U.S.A. Kids at picnic, Fourth of July, Vale, Oregon Child in kitchen of Greenhills, Ohio, home U.S.S. New York, Admiral Sampson's steward and his pet

Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. A charwoman who cleans buses mopping the floor of a bus at the Greyhound garage

Neighbor watching the process of making molasses. Racine, West Virginia

Octopus

Weslaco, Texas. Peppers at packing shed

Queen Caroline. Britain's best hope!! England's sheet-anchor!!!

The Christmas dinner safe. "Done cotch him!" / drawn by W.L. Sheppard.

Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Woman eating a sandwich at lunch hour at the W. Atlee Burpee Company, seed dealers

Wilmington, Delaware. Tower Hill School, noted country day school for pupils from three to eighteen years of age. Boys learning something about transportation through play with toy trains and building blocks Baltimore, Maryland. A man repairing an umbrella Vegetables

Landscape photographs. Stream flowing through a forest Detroit, Michigan. New method of making x-ray photographs size 4x5 inches instead of larger. Used at the Herman Kiefer Hospital for Communicable Diseases to show various stages of tuberculosis Chas. Patrick Clark, son of Lt. Com. L.W. Clark of President's yacht Man on a tame zebra jumping a fence in East Africa

Pupil, Teachers of the Steamer Class in the Washington School. Location: Boston, Massachusetts.

Required Materials

Web Sites

Phoneme Tongue Twisters

Directions

Investigation

Step This activity can be done with one or more students that may or may not have difficulty sounding out phonemes.
Step 1 Show the student(s) the first slide and explain to them that they are going to have fun learning some tongue twisters.
Step 2 Show students the second slide and have them make the sound of a short /a/.
Step 3 Take time to model correct speech especially if you notice a child is having difficulty.
Step 4 Read the tongue twister to them modeling proper speech once the students understand the proper sound of the phoneme.
Step 5 Have the students read it back to you. Have fun with this. See if they can do it three times fast without making a mistake. Try collapsing the slide to see if they can remember it without seeing it.
Step 6 Use the following teacher led investigative questions to foster a deeper understanding of the phoneme.
Step 7 Use the primary sources as conversation pieces to get the students to use the words orally in sentence form. Each image is hyperlinked to the LOCs bibliographic page. Here you can find more information about each image.
Step 8 Continue through the slide show repeating the steps above. It is not expected that you complete this in one class period. You may spend an entire class period on one phoneme. This will depend on the age and skill level of your students.

Best Instructional Practices


Understanding Goal

K.4 Understand that words are made up of small units of sound and that these sounds can be blended to make a word K.7 Understand that written words are composed of letters that represent specific sounds. 1.6 Understand that knowledge of the sounds of letters can be applied to read or spell words. 2.4 Understand the need to apply phonetic strategies to decode and spell words.

Investigative Question

i.e. What is the first sound in apple?


Analysis of Student Learning


The first time the student viewed the slide show we went through and viewed only the photographs. We talked about the time period of the photo and what was going on. Then I had a capable peer read the tongue twisters to the E.S.O.L. student. The girls read and then discussed how the image supported the words. The next day when the E.S.O.L. student was to be the teacher she read each slide to her peer. She needed very few words reread or clarified. She then asked if she could go through the show again and write the words that were new to her on a list to study. This was a great and fun activity which permitted a team of Gifted and E.S.O.L. kids to enjoy a higher level thinking actiity.


Analysis of Best Instructional Practices (learn more)

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Reflections and Recommendations


I need to copy the slide show onto a CD so the student can take the activity back to her class and share it with her peers. It would be fun to have my student present the slide show to her class and have races seeing how fast the children can read the tongue twisters. This would be a great way to practice fluency and develop vocabulary for an older student who is still learning English.

Credits

Authors and Contributors

Roberta Seavey
Clermont Elementary School, Fairfax County Public Schools, Virginia

Library of Congress Items

Library of Congress items used in this Lesson Plan.

Thumbnail Library of Congress Item
Childersburg, Alabama. Cousa Court defense housing project. Laughing boy Collier, J. 1942. Childersburg, Alabama. Cousa Court defense housing project. Laughing boy. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Prints & Photographs Reading Room.
Childersburg, Alabama. Cousa Court defense housing project. Laughing girl Collier, J. 1942. Childersburg, Alabama. Cousa Court defense housing project. Laughing girl. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Collection.
Adam Forepaugh & Sells Brothers enormous shows combined. Wondrous Sumatra, African and South-American wild beasts and birds, ... Unknown. c1896. Adam Forepaugh & Sells Brothers enormous shows combined. Wondrous Sumatra, African and South-American wild beasts and birds, ... Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
Brushing lard on freshly-baked bread in Spanish-American farm home near Taos, New Mexico Lee, R. 1939. Brushing lard on freshly-baked bread in Spanish-American farm home near Taos, New Mexico. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
Jeffersontown, Kentucky. The Jefferson County ommunity cannery, started by the WPA (Work Projects Administration), now conducted by the state (?) vocational education department. Women pay three cents each for cans and two cents per can for use of the pressure cooker. Mrs. Fred Kemper(left), and Mrs. Roland Kemper canning asparagus that they bought in the market Hollem, H. R. 1943. Jeffersontown, Kentucky. The Jefferson County ommunity cannery, started by the WPA (Work Projects Administration), now conducted by the state (?) vocational education department. Women pay three cents each for cans and two cents per can for use of the pressure cooker. Mrs. Fred Kemper(left), and Mrs. Roland Kemper canning asparagus that they bought in the market. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, FSA/OWI - Black and White Negatives.
[Job Small and dog]

Unknown. c1922. [Job Small and dog] . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
The King of the Diomede Islands and Louis Levy

Unknown. ca. 1900-1916. The King of the Diomede Islands and Louis Levy . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Carpenter Collection.
[Field of daisies and orange flowers, possibly hawkweed, Vermont] Collier, J. 1943. [Field of daisies and orange flowers, possibly hawkweed, Vermont]. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Collection.
Spanish-American boy weeding the garden, Chamisal, New Mexico

Lee, R. 1940. Spanish-American boy weeding the garden, Chamisal, New Mexico . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Collection.
Another voice for Cleveland / F.B. Beard, F. 1884. Another voice for Cleveland / F.B. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
An Esquimau family and igloo--exact reproduction in size and shape of their snow huts. World's Fair, St. Louis, U.S.A. International View Co. c1905. An Esquimau family and igloo--exact reproduction in size and shape of their snow huts. World's Fair, St. Louis, U.S.A. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Sterograph Cards.
Kids at picnic, Fourth of July, Vale, Oregon Lee, R. 1941. Kids at picnic, Fourth of July, Vale, Oregon. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Collection.
Child in kitchen of Greenhills, Ohio, home Vachon, J. 1938. Child in kitchen of Greenhills, Ohio, home. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Collection.
U.S.S. New York, Admiral Sampson's steward and his pet

Hart, E. H. 1893-1901. U.S.S. New York, Admiral Sampson's steward and his pet . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, RR-Detroit Publishing Company Collection.
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. A charwoman who cleans buses mopping the floor of a bus at the Greyhound garage

Bubley, E. 1943. Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. A charwoman who cleans buses mopping the floor of a bus at the Greyhound garage . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, FSA/OWI - Black and White Negatives.
Neighbor watching the process of making molasses. Racine, West Virginia

Wolcott, M. P. 1938. Neighbor watching the process of making molasses. Racine, West Virginia . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Collection.
Octopus

Unknown. 1898-1916. Octopus . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, RR-George Grantham Bain Collection.
Weslaco, Texas. Peppers at packing shed

Rothstein, A. 1942. Weslaco, Texas. Peppers at packing shed . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
Queen Caroline. Britain's best hope!! England's sheet-anchor!!!

Unknown. 1820. Queen Caroline. Britain's best hope!! England's sheet-anchor!!! . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Cartoon Prints, British .
The Christmas dinner safe. "Done cotch him!" / drawn by W.L. Sheppard.

Sheppard, W. L. 1874. The Christmas dinner safe. "Done cotch him!" / drawn by W.L. Sheppard. . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Woman eating a sandwich at lunch hour at the W. Atlee Burpee Company, seed dealers

Siegel, A. S. 1943. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Woman eating a sandwich at lunch hour at the W. Atlee Burpee Company, seed dealers . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, FSA/OWI - Black and White Negatives.
Wilmington, Delaware. Tower Hill School, noted country day school for pupils from three to eighteen years of age. Boys learning something about transportation through play with toy trains and building blocks Unknown. 1942-1943. Wilmington, Delaware. Tower Hill School, noted country day school for pupils from three to eighteen years of age. Boys learning something about transportation through play with toy trains and building blocks. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Collection.
Baltimore, Maryland. A man repairing an umbrella Vachon, J. 1943. Baltimore, Maryland. A man repairing an umbrella. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Farm Security Administration/Office of War Information Collection.
Vegetables

Unknown. 1900-1930?. Vegetables . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Carpenter Collection.
Landscape photographs. Stream flowing through a forest Horydczak, T. ca. 1920-ca. 1950. Landscape photographs. Stream flowing through a forest. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Horydczak Collection .
Detroit, Michigan. New method of making x-ray photographs size 4x5 inches instead of larger. Used at the Herman Kiefer Hospital for Communicable Diseases to show various stages of tuberculosis Siegel, A. S. 1939. Detroit, Michigan. New method of making x-ray photographs size 4x5 inches instead of larger. Used at the Herman Kiefer Hospital for Communicable Diseases to show various stages of tuberculosis. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, FSA/OWI - Black and White Negatives.
Chas. Patrick Clark, son of Lt. Com. L.W. Clark of President's yacht Unknown. 1909-1932. Chas. Patrick Clark, son of Lt. Com. L.W. Clark of President's yacht. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, National Photo Company Collection .
Man on a tame zebra jumping a fence in East Africa

Unknown. 1890-1923. Man on a tame zebra jumping a fence in East Africa . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Carpenter Collection.
Pupil, Teachers of the Steamer Class in the Washington School. Location: Boston, Massachusetts.

Hine, L. W. 1909. Pupil, Teachers of the Steamer Class in the Washington School. Location: Boston, Massachusetts. . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, National Child Labor Committee Collection .