Overview


Subject/Sub-Subject: PE/Health/Other


Title: Physical Education Bulletin Board/Poster Display


Summary:

These posters and interactive bulletin board challenge students to explore selected Physical Education Standards of Learning for Virginia. Students analyze prints and photographs (then and now), make comparisons, and describe/discuss physical education and sports today. Students record information and answer investigative questions in response to bulletin board banners, posters, and surveys.


Understanding Goal

Historical sources provide a BIG picture of essential skills and knowledge in Physical Education.

Investigative Question

How can historical sources help students understand essential components of Physical Education?

Grade(s): 3, K
Audience: General
Learners: The PE bulletin board was on view (in a main hallway) for the entire school population, 950 students in grades K-6. Grades K, 2, and 3 students responded most to the bulletin board since their classrooms were nearby. I also met with classes in grades K, 2 & 3 for fifteen-minute lessons, both during and outside regularly scheduled Physical Education.
Required Vocabulary: N/A
Prior Content Knowledge: N/A
Standards

Virginia: Health and PE-Grade 3

VA.KS. 3.1. The student will explain that health habits impact personal growth and development. Key concepts/skills include b) the benefits of physical activity and personal fitness; d) positive interaction with family, peers, and other individuals.


VA.SM 3.1. The student will apply locomotor, non-manipulative, and manipulative skills in increasingly complex movement activities.
VA.MPC. 3.2. The student will apply movement principles in increasingly complex movement activities.
VA.PF 3.3. The student will engage in a variety of moderate and vigorous physical activities and describe how and why the body responds to the activities (e.g., physiological changes such as sweating, increased heart rate, increased respiration).
VA.PAL. 3.5. The student will identify and participate in regular physical activities to improve skills and personal health.

Field Tests

Click on the title to expand the description of each field test

Sources

Physical Education Bulletin Board/Poster Display

Understanding Goal

Historical sources provide a BIG picture of essential skills and knowledge in Physical Education.

Click on an image for more information.

Slideshow Icon View as a slideshow
Jesse Owens [Movement of human appendages and pulley systems compared using principles of mechanics and statics] Spinner Play Princeton / H.G. Laskey. Hazel Rhoads, later to become Mrs. Charles C. Gates, at City Park lake / photo by Harry M. Rhoads. 1981 Boston Marathon / KN Martin. A pariquadrata superficie humai corporis perdistincta eo naturali centro umbilici circulum excipere - et in eo quadratum minorem inscribere, fig. a [Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias, competing in the first heat of the 80-meter hurdles, winning in a record-breaking 11.8 seconds, August 3, in the 1932 Olympics at Los Angeles] Soccer ballet Anniversary Tours : XXII Olympiad, Moscow, 1980 Katherine Dunham in a c.1950s photograph of Barrelhouse [photograph] The Worlds Great Sandwinas [Bodybuilder Gene Jantzen withi wife Pat, and eleven-month-old son Kent] John Robinson's $25,000 challenge feature--Mr. Louis Cyr strongest man on Earth--Assisted by the French Hercules Horace Barre ...

Required Materials

Files

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5932_poster_movement_principles.doc
5938_poster_skilled_movement.doc
5939_poster_physical activity.doc
5940_poster_personal_fitness.doc

Books

Commonwealth of Virginia, Department of Education. (2001).. Physical Education Standards of Learning for Virginia Public Schools. . Richmond, Virginia: Department of Education
National Association for Sport and Physical Education. (2004). Moving into the Future: National Standards for Physical Education, 2nd Edition. Reston, Virginia: National Association for Sport and Physical Education (NASPE)

Activity Directionss

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Directions

Investigation

Step 1 Display posters about essential knowledge, skills, and processes (strands/standards) in Physical Education. Posters could be displayed singly, or in a grouping in the gymnasium, hallways, or school foyer.

Files

Step 2 Use Library of Congress posters as the focus of a bulletin board display on Physical Education. Make the board interactive by posting banners with research questions, e.g., "How does an athlete become skillful? Research a famous athlete using www.loc.gov as your primary source." (This would be challenging for grades 5 through 10).

Files

Step 3 Post additional questions and a survey to help students reflect on their personal participation in physical activity and physically active lifestyles. Ask students to write about why exercise is good for the body; how their family stays physically active; and who they know that finished a fun walk/run, race, or marathon (post a survey). Post pencils and a manila envelope on the bulletin board to collect student contributions.

Files

Step 4 Visit the bulletin board as a class to discuss investigative questions listed on the Library of Congress Posters. Ask students to study the details of the Primary Source images, and to write their own questions, "What do these images make you wonder, or want to learn more about?" "Which poster is your favorite and describe why." Or, assess student knowledge by asking questions such as, "How many examples can you find of aerobic exercise, flexibility, and strength?"

Files

Step 5 Collaborate with classroom teachers and specialists in your school to extend this learning experience. Have students visit the bulletin board and use their movement observations in their artwork, literary work, language classes, and so on.

Files

Best Instructional Practices


Understanding Goal

Historical sources provide a BIG picture of essential skills and knowledge in Physical Education.

Investigative Question

How can historical sources help students understand essential components of Physical Education?


Analysis of Student Learning


Usually I post a bulletin board and rarely look at it again. What amazed me about this interactive bulletin board was that it took on a life of its own. Students visited the (hallway) board before school, during breaks, and at the conclusion of a day. They could be seen recording data on the survey; pointing at primary source images; discussing their thoughts with each other; and submitting writings to the envelope posted.


Analysis of Best Instructional Practices (learn more)

Differentiated Instruction Differentiated Instruction (learn more)

Content

While the posters were originally designed with upper elementary through secondary-aged students in mind, the images appealed to students in grades 2 and 3 as well. I juxtaposesd photographs of our own school students participating in physical education with the Library of Congress posters, e.g. fitness-related pictures were posted near the Personal Fitness poster. The Library of Congress images of movement ranged from infant through adulthood, and they provided a rich source of knowledge and skills. This range helped to address student needs and interests. Additionally, the posters served as a means of ongoing assessment--I could check to see if students understood the terms aerobic, flexibility, strength by asking them to locate examples in the posters and pictures.

Literacy Instruction Literacy Instruction(learn more)

Writing

Students reported data on a survey to share their personal knowledge of active lifestyles. Some students (and a teacher) submitted written stories about physical activities in which they and their families participate after school. Other students wrote questions on post cards based on the bulletin board posters or banners to which I gave feedback.

Teaching for Understanding Teaching for Understanding(learn more)

Learners Explain Thinking

Several PE classes visited the bulletin board and responded to investigative questions (on Library of Congress posters), or raised their own questions based on observing details in the images. I asked one class to look at all four posters, then write a question that they wondered about, or wanted to learn more about. I asked another class to look at all four posters (5-7 minutes), then to stand in front of the poster they thought was most interesting. Each group discussed why, and then explained their observations to the whole class.

Technology Integration Technology Integration(learn more)

Content Presented

Posters were created during a Library of Congress summer institute using technology. Banners, surveys, and photographs of student participation in physical education were produced using technology. These materials provided a unique lens through which students could study movement, and discover a link to online research.

Reflections and Recommendations


This Library of Congress PE bulletin board changed my whole view of how to create visual displays that not only capture student interest, but invite them to interact. The bulletin board became a learning experience with multiple levels of observation. As a teacher interacting with classes at the bulletin board, I could assess student knowledge and understandings of movement principles. I could share my own knowledge, facts and information, and personal stories about movement to extend student learning. For the students, it was an opportunity to connect personal movement experiences (at school, at home, in the community) with their observations of Library of Congress images. For future use, I recommend displaying these posters in upper elementary and secondary schools--in gymnasiums, hallways, foyers--and perhaps at a local community center. Within shcools, I see additional potential for using posters at PE stations, or learning centers.

Credits

Authors and Contributors

Sue Straits
Kent Gardens Elementary School, Fairfax County Public Schools, Virginia

Library of Congress Items

Library of Congress items used in this Lesson Plan.

Thumbnail Library of Congress Item
Jesse Owens Unknown. 1936. Jesse Owens. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
[Movement of human appendages and pulley systems compared using principles of mechanics and statics] Borelli, Giovanni Alfonso 1680. [Movement of human appendages and pulley systems compared using principles of mechanics and statics]. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
Spinner Play Spruance, B.M. 1934-1935. Spinner Play. Library of Congress: Exhibitions, American Treasures of the Library of Congress.
Princeton / H.G. Laskey. Laskey, H.G. c1902. Princeton / H.G. Laskey. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Posters: Artist Posters.
Hazel Rhoads, later to become Mrs. Charles C. Gates, at City Park lake / photo by Harry M. Rhoads. Rhoads, H. M. 1900. Hazel Rhoads, later to become Mrs. Charles C. Gates, at City Park lake / photo by Harry M. Rhoads. Library of Congress: American Memory, History of the American West, 1860-1920: Photographs from the Collection of the Denver Public Library.
1981 Boston Marathon / KN Martin. Martin, K. N. c.1981. 1981 Boston Marathon / KN Martin. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Posters: Artist Posters.
A pariquadrata superficie humai corporis perdistincta eo naturali centro umbilici circulum excipere - et in eo quadratum minorem inscribere, fig. a Unknown. 1521. A pariquadrata superficie humai corporis perdistincta eo naturali centro umbilici circulum excipere - et in eo quadratum minorem inscribere, fig. a. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
[Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias, competing in the first heat of the 80-meter hurdles, winning in a record-breaking 11.8 seconds, August 3, in the 1932 Olympics at Los Angeles] Associated Press. 1932. [Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias, competing in the first heat of the 80-meter hurdles, winning in a record-breaking 11.8 seconds, August 3, in the 1932 Olympics at Los Angeles]. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
Soccer ballet Acme. 1951. Soccer ballet. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
Anniversary Tours : XXII Olympiad, Moscow, 1980 Anniversary Tours. c1979. Anniversary Tours : XXII Olympiad, Moscow, 1980. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Posters: Yanker Poster Collection.
Katherine Dunham in a c.1950s photograph of Barrelhouse [photograph] Unknown. c.1950s. Katherine Dunham in a c.1950s photograph of Barrelhouse [photograph]. Library of Congress: Research Centers, Performing Arts Reading Room.
The Worlds Great Sandwinas Friedlnder, A. 1905. The Worlds Great Sandwinas. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Posters: Artist Posters.
[Bodybuilder Gene Jantzen withi wife Pat, and eleven-month-old son Kent] Kubrick, S. 1947. [Bodybuilder Gene Jantzen withi wife Pat, and eleven-month-old son Kent]. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
John Robinson's $25,000 challenge feature--Mr. Louis Cyr strongest man on Earth--Assisted by the French Hercules Horace Barre ... Unknown. c1898. John Robinson's $25,000 challenge feature--Mr. Louis Cyr strongest man on Earth--Assisted by the French Hercules Horace Barre ... Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.