Overview


Subject/Sub-Subject: Social Studies/U.S. History


Title: American Biography: Ng Poon Chew, Life in a Box, Reconstruction to World War II Timeline, Pathfinder


Summary:

Students use historical sources and analysis tools to gather information about a person to build a story about how an individual's actions can lead to change in the community. Students will use a collection of historical sources from the time period to add details to their story. Students learn more about the person by conducting online research at LOC.gov using a Pathfinder.


Understanding Goal

Change requires action.

Investigative Question

What types of change have people fought to make in their communities throughout history?

Grade(s): 6, 1
Audience: General
Learners: This Learning Experiences was designed to extend the curriculum for students who have mastered the required content and are ready to broaden the scope of their research of this time period. This activity is designed for students to complete in a regular class size but also could be used as an independent research project.
Required Vocabulary: N/A
Prior Content Knowledge: N/A
Standards

Virginia: Social Studies - Grade 4

VA.VS.1.a. Virginia Studies: Skills: The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis including the ability to identify and interpret artifacts and primary and secondary source documents to understand events in history.

VA.VS.1.b. Virginia Studies: Skills: The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis including the ability to determine cause and effect relationships.

VA.VS.1.c. Virginia Studies: Skills: The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis including the ability to compare and contrast historical events.

VA.VS.1.d. Virginia Studies: Skills: The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis including the ability to draw conclusions and make generalizations.

VA.VS.1.e. Virginia Studies: Skills: The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis including the ability to make connections between past and present.

VA.VS.1.f. Virginia Studies: Skills: The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis including the ability to sequence events in Virginia history.

VA.VS.1.g. Virginia Studies: Skills: The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis including the ability to interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives.

VA.VS.1.h. Virginia Studies: Skills: The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis including the ability to evaluate and discuss issues orally and in writing.

VA.VS.1.i. Virginia Studies: Skills: The student will develop skills for historical and geographical analysis including the ability to analyze and interpret maps to explain relationships among landforms, water features, climatic characteristics, and historical events.

Virginia: Social Studies - Grade 6

VA.USII.1.a. United States History: 1877 to the Present: Skills: The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis, including the ability to analyze and interpret primary and secondary source documents to increase understanding of events and life in United States history from 1877 to the present

VA.USII.1.b. United States History: 1877 to the Present: Skills: The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis, including the ability to make connections between past and present.

VA.USII.1.c. United States History: 1877 to the Present: Skills: The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis, including the ability to sequence events in United States history from 1877 to the present.

VA.USII.1.d. United States History: 1877 to the Present: Skills: The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis, including the ability to interpret ideas and events from different historical perspectives.

VA.USII.1.e. United States History: 1877 to the Present: Skills: The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis, including the ability to evaluate and debate issues orally and in writing.

VA.USII.1.f. United States History: 1877 to the Present: Skills: The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis, including the ability to analyze and interpret maps that include major physical features.

VA.USII.1.g. United States History: 1877 to the Present: Skills: The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis, including the ability to use parallels of latitude and meridians of longitude to describe hemispheric location.

VA.USII.1.h. United States History: 1877 to the Present: Skills: The student will demonstrate skills for historical and geographical analysis, including the ability to interpret patriotic slogans and excerpts from notable speeches and documents.

VA.USII.3.b. United States History: 1877 to the Present: Reshaping the Nation and the Emergence of Modern America: 1877 to the Early 1900s: The student will demonstrate knowledge of how life changed after the Civil War by explaining the reasons for the increase in immigration, growth of cities, new inventions, and challenges arising from this expansion.

VA.USII.3.e. United States History: 1877 to the Present: Reshaping the Nation and the Emergence of Modern America: 1877 to the Early 1900s: The student will demonstrate knowledge of how life changed after the Civil War by describing the impact of the Progressive Movement on child labor, working conditions, the rise of organized labor, women's suffrage, and the temperance movement.

Field Tests

Click on the title to expand the description of each field test

Sources

American Biography: Ng Poon Chew, Life in a Box, Reconstruction to World War II Timeline, Pathfinder

Understanding Goal

Change requires action.

Click on an image for more information.

Slideshow Icon View as a slideshow
The Chinese Question Again. [Scott's Exclusion Act] [back cover]: From The Wasp: v. 23, July - Dec. 1889 Ng Poon Chew : Chinese statesman and journalist. [no.1]: From Miscellaneous Selections : San Francisco's Chinatown - Architectural Space: Official map of "Chinatown" in San Francisco "Chinese Dragon. La Fiesta Parade, Los Angeles, Cal., May 2, 1902": From General Subjects Social Groups: Chinese (large photographs) Landmark Briefs and Arguments of the Supreme Court of the United States: Constitutional Law. Volume 13. The massacre of the Chinese at Rock Springs, Wyoming / drawn by T. de Thulstrup from photographs by Lieutenant C.A. Booth, Seventh United States Infantry. Utah - trains of cars of the Union Pacific Railroad snow-bound in a drift near Ogden / from a sketch by J.B. Schultz. Chinese immigration: The social, moral and political effect of Chinese immigration: From Miscellaneous Selections : Anti-Chinese Movement

Required Materials

Files

Reconstruction1.pdf
Reconstruction2.pdf
Reconstruction3pt1.pdf
Reconstruction3pt2.doc
chew_sm_image.doc
chew_lg_image.doc
Ng Poon Chew and Chinese in America.ppt

Analysis Tools

analysis_tool.doc
person.doc

Web Sites

Library of Congress Pathfinder to Research: Ng Poon Chew

Directions

Investigation

Step 1 Prepare for the investigation by printing the historical sources (bibliographic record on the back and image of the source on the front) for the person and the time period when he/she lived. Make enough copies for each student to have one image of the image set about the person. Form small groups with students where when they share, the students will have the complete set of resources. Print copies of the analysis tools for all students.

Files

Analysis Tools

Step 2 Tell students that they are going to examine historical sources to build a story about an individual whose actions led to changes in their community.
Step 3 Give each student in the small groups a different clue related to the person and an analysis tool. Give students time to examine their source and to complete their analysis. Take time to demonstrate completing the analysis tool with a source from the time period if students need an example before completing the analysis on their own.
Step 4 Allow students to share their image in their small group. Ask students to use the Person Analysis tool to build a story about the person under study.

Files

Analysis Tools

Step 5 Lead the class in a discussion about how evidence in the sources can be used to build a story. List questions that students have about the person. Brainstorm with the large group what types of change this person may have brought to their community. Identify the actions that led to change and post these ideas on chart paper.
Step 6 Post the images from the time period. Ask students to use the images as information to answer a question about the person or to add details to the story that they have begun to develop about the person.

Files

Step 7 Encourage students to use the Pathfinder to learn more about this person.

Web Sites

Best Instructional Practices


Understanding Goal

Change requires action.

Investigative Question

What types of change have people fought to make in their communities throughout history?


Analysis of Student Learning


Please help us complete this investigation by submitting a field-test.


Analysis of Best Instructional Practices (learn more)

Literacy Instruction Literacy Instruction(learn more)

Information/Media

The analysis tools guide students in identifying information in the images.

Teaching for Understanding Teaching for Understanding(learn more)

Explicit Understanding Goal

Begin by posting the Understanding Goal and making sure that students are looking for actions that lead to change when they examine the sources.

Check Misconceptions

The analysis tools will help to show student understanding. Through the class discussions the teacher will be able to ask questions to help students make connections and think critically about their assumptions.

Reflections and Recommendations


Please help us complete this investigation by submitting a field-test.

Credits

Authors and Contributors

Teaching with Primary Sources Northern Virginia
TPSNVA Staff, Teaching with Primary Sources Northern Virginia, Virginia

Library of Congress Items

Library of Congress items used in this Lesson Plan.

Thumbnail Library of Congress Item
The Chinese Question Again. [Scott's Exclusion Act] [back cover]: From The Wasp: v. 23, July - Dec. 1889 Wasp Publishing Company. 1889. The Chinese Question Again. [Scott's Exclusion Act] [back cover]: From The Wasp: v. 23, July - Dec. 1889. Library of Congress: American Memory, The Chinese in California, 1850-1925.
Ng Poon Chew : Chinese statesman and journalist. Unknown. 1910-1919. Ng Poon Chew : Chinese statesman and journalist. Library of Congress: American Memory, Traveling Culture: Circuit Chautauqua in the Twentieth Century.
[no.1]: From Miscellaneous Selections : San Francisco's Chinatown - Architectural Space: Official map of "Chinatown" in San Francisco San Francisco Board of Supervisors, Special Committee on Chinatown. c1885. [no.1]: From Miscellaneous Selections : San Francisco's Chinatown - Architectural Space: Official map of "Chinatown" in San Francisco. Library of Congress: American Memory, The Chinese in California, 1850-1925.
"Chinese Dragon. La Fiesta Parade, Los Angeles, Cal., May 2, 1902": From General Subjects Social Groups: Chinese (large photographs) Unknown. 1902. "Chinese Dragon. La Fiesta Parade, Los Angeles, Cal., May 2, 1902": From General Subjects Social Groups: Chinese (large photographs). Library of Congress: American Memory, The Chinese in California, 1850-1925.
Landmark Briefs and Arguments of the Supreme Court of the United States: Constitutional Law. Volume 13. Kurland, P. 1975. Landmark Briefs and Arguments of the Supreme Court of the United States: Constitutional Law. Volume 13. . Library of Congress: Exhibitions, "With an Even Hand": Brown v. Board at Fifty .
The massacre of the Chinese at Rock Springs, Wyoming / drawn by T. de Thulstrup from photographs by Lieutenant C.A. Booth, Seventh United States Infantry. Thulstrup, T. de 1885. The massacre of the Chinese at Rock Springs, Wyoming / drawn by T. de Thulstrup from photographs by Lieutenant C.A. Booth, Seventh United States Infantry. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
Utah - trains of cars of the Union Pacific Railroad snow-bound in a drift near Ogden / from a sketch by J.B. Schultz. Unknown. 1872. Utah - trains of cars of the Union Pacific Railroad snow-bound in a drift near Ogden / from a sketch by J.B. Schultz. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
Chinese immigration: The social, moral and political effect of Chinese immigration: From Miscellaneous Selections : Anti-Chinese Movement California Legislature. Senate. Special Committee on Chinese immigration. 1877. Chinese immigration: The social, moral and political effect of Chinese immigration: From Miscellaneous Selections : Anti-Chinese Movement . Library of Congress: American Memory, The Chinese in California, 1850-1925.