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Overview

Student Work:

Subject/Sub-Subject: Social Studies/U.S. History


Title: Who made the Roaring Twenties roar?


Summary:


Students explore the Roaring Twenties by selecting a prominent person, completing an I-Search, and creating either a Primary Access documentary or a commemorative stamp about the person.


Understanding Goal

People (artists, authors, leaders, athletes, musicians and adventurers) shape and mold their society.

Investigative Question

Who made the Twenties roar?

Grade(s): 7, 1
Audience: General
Learners: A heterogeneous group of 22 seventh grade American Studies students.
Required Vocabulary: N/A
Prior Content Knowledge: N/A
Standards

CE.3.a.2. Essential Skills: Students should be able to examine and interpret primary and secondary source documents. (CE.1a)

Field Tests

Click on the title to expand the description of each field test


Sources

Who made the Roaring Twenties roar?

Understanding Goal

People (artists, authors, leaders, athletes, musicians and adventurers) shape and mold their society.

Click on an image for more information.

Slideshow Icon View as a slideshow
[Ty Cobb, Detroit, and Joe Jackson, Cleveland, standing alongside each other, each holding bats]. [Dancers in a jazz club, Washington, D.C., between 1938 and 1948]. Marcus Garvey, 1887-1940 [Composite of four full-length portraits of Mildred "Babe" Didrickson Zaharias: playing golf in Des Moines in 1946, boxing in New York in 1934, running at White Sulphur Springs, W. Va. in 1932, and playing tennis in Beverly Hills, Calif. in 1944] "Ballad of Booker T" by Langston Hughes Langston Hughes (1902-1967) to Walter White, October 29, 1925
[Portrait of Louis Armstrong, Carnegie Hall, New York, N.Y., ca. Apr. 1947]. [Portrait of Billie Holiday, Downbeat, New York, N.Y., ca. Feb. 1947]. Music, kite-flying and women will be tolerated. Questions and dissent are forbidden / Auth. [Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald, Dizzy Gillespie, Ray Brown, Milt (Milton) Jackson, and Timmie Rosenkrantz, Downbeat, New York, N.Y., ca. Sept. 1947] [Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald, New York, N.Y., ca. Nov. 1946]. Amelia Earhart's palm print and analysis of her character prepared by Nellie Simmons Meier [Portrait of Louis Armstrong, Carnegie Hall, New York, N.Y., ca. Apr. 1947] Today in History: April 7; Billie Holiday The studio / Jacob Lawrence. [Louis Armstrong, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left, playing trumpet] Duke Ellington at the Hurricane Club Langston Hughes Madame C.J. Walker. [Ty Cobb, Detroit AL (baseball)] [Charles Lindbergh, 1902-1974, three-quarter length portrait, standing, left profile, working on engine of "The Spirit of St. Louis"] [Portrait of Cab Calloway]. Portrait of Jacob Lawrence [Portrait of Billie Holiday]. Famous aviator Amelia Earhart ("Amelia Earhart, three-quarter length portrait, standing facing front") On 11 December 1923 F. Scott Fitzgerald and Maxwell Perkins lunched at the Chatham to discuss the collection that became Ring Lardner's first Scribners volume, How to Write Short Stories (1924). Fitzgerald listed possible titles and selections on the back of the menu. The note on "Good for the Soul" is in Perkins' hand. 300 copies printed to mark publication of Ring Lardner: A Descriptive Bibiliography by Matthew J. Bruccoli and Richard Layman (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1976). From the Charles Scribner's Sons Archives in the Princeton University Library. With permission from Frances Fitzgerald Smith, Charles Scribner's Sons, and the Princeton University Library. Amelia Earhart [Baseball players Hack Wilson, and Babe Ruth shaking hands in a dugout at Wrigley Field before a 1929 World Series game]. [Baseball player, Fournier, White Sox, leaning over to apply the tag to Ty Cobb, Tigers, who is sliding into first base]. [Portrait of Billie Holiday and Mister, Downbeat, New York, N.Y., ca. Feb. 1947]. Twentieth century writer and poet Langston Hughes Old man jazz; An eccentric fox trot song. 1920 [Portrait of Langston Hughes] Lovely Billie Holiday in 1949 ("Portrait of Billie Holiday.") Charles Lindbergh and the Spirit of St. Louis, May 1927 (Charles A. Lindbergh, with Spirit of St. Louis in background) Ty Cobb in action, baseball card from 1912 (Ty Cobb Baseball Card.) Writer F. Scott Fitzgerald Was Born September 24, 1896 Mr. Langston Hughes, Negro poet and playwright. Chicago, Illinois. Chicago, Illinois. Good Sheperd Community Center. Mr. Langston Hughes at a rehearsal at of his new play. New York, New York. Duke Ellington's trumpet section. Babe Ruth [Baseball player Babe Ruth following through after swinging a bat, standing on the field at Comiskey Park, light exposure]. [Portrait of F. Scott Fitzgerald] [Charles Lindbergh, full-length portrait, standing, facing front, beside the Spirit of St. Louis] Jazz - the New Possession

Required Materials

Files

isearchdirectionsroaringtwenties.doc
revised criteria humanitiesrubric.doc

Web Sites

Who Made the Roaring Twenties Roar?

Facilitator Directionss

Primary Access
Primary Access
Primary Access
Primary Access

Directions

Introduction

Step 1
Use textbook readings to introduce students to the Roaring Twenties and the Harlem Renaissance. Make connections to the isolationist behavior of the U.S., a desire to return to normalcy after World War I, and the new freedoms experienced by women.

Investigation

Step 1 Faciliate student completion of scavenger hunt in the Primary Source Learning LibraryQuest, "Who Made the Twenties Roar?"

Web Sites

Step 2 Guide students in browsing through galleries of LibraryQuest, and select a person to research in the I-Search format. Students complete research proposal.

Files

Step 3 Facilitate student I-Searches by helping them think about what they already know about the person they selected and what they would like to find out. Students should generate five open-ended questions to guide their research. Students begin to research, take notes, and write down their sources in MLA format.

Files

Step 4 Guide students in writing up the results of their I-Search. Questions to be addressed include, where did they start, what did they learn, why is their person important to the study of the 1920s? Ask students to use the writing process - draft, edit, revise, publish.

Files

Formal Assessment

Step 5 Facilitate student creation of Primary Assess documentaries or commemorative postage stamps for their person. Note: scripts for Primary Access will be adapted from the I-Search and students will introduce their person through the documentary.

Files

Step 6 Hold a 1920's brunch, where students participate and share their work with their classmates.

Best Practices


Analysis of Student Learning


The students demonstrated understanding of how the person that they selected made the Twenties roar. Students wrote a script, in many instances found the images to accompany their script, and created their documentary. The students chose to create the Primary Access documentaries and they were very skillful and creative in their documentaries. The documentaries were shared with their classmates.


Analysis of Best Instructional Practices (learn more)

Differentiated Instruction Differentiated Instruction (learn more)

Product

Students have the option of completing a Primary Access documentry or a Commemorative Stamp. This option allows choice - some students will select the documentary, others will want to use their creative and artistic strengths to create a stamp proposal. All students wil complete the I-Search.

Literacy Instruction Literacy Instruction(learn more)

Writing

Students generate quetions and then write an I-Search detailing what they learned about their person.

Visual

Students use LOC.gov and Smithsonian Art to document the accomplishments of their roaring Twenties personality. If they are creating a stamp, students use the pictures to guide their creation.

Teaching for Understanding Teaching for Understanding(learn more)

Assessing Understanding

Students selected person to research, completed an I-Search and then created a Primary Access documentary illustrating how their person made the twenties roar, or they designed a commemorative stamp wotking from primary sources from the LOC. Using the stamp, students will also demonstrate how their person made the twenties roar.

Technology Integration Technology Integration(learn more)

Student Products

Students used technology throughout this learning experience. They completed a scavenger hunt in an already existing Library Quest, research was done using the WWW as well as text sources. Primary Access documentaries were created using the Primary Access program an stmps ere created using resources from the LOC. Technology was integral to the success of this learning experience.

Reflections and Recommendations


The students understood what to do and had little trouble writing a script, finding images and creating the documentaries. The entire project, including researching and writing the I Search took eight days. The students were on task and they met the deadlines. Two students did not complete the project, but the other twenty did. The students that chose to create the Primary Access documentaries did so because they liked the technology and the challenge. One-third of the class opted to do the documentaries, while the other two-thirds selected the less challenging postage stamp. I was disappointed that more students did not select the documentaries, but the students decided which assessment to complete. Once the documentaries were shared, several students indicated that they should have done a documentary instead of a stamp.


Credits

Authors and Contributors

Maureen Nolan
Jefferson Middle School, Arlington County Public Schools, Virginia

Library of Congress Items

Library of Congress items used in this Lesson Plan.

Thumbnail Library of Congress Item
[Ty Cobb, Detroit, and Joe Jackson, Cleveland, standing alongside each other, each holding bats]. Unknown c1913. [Ty Cobb, Detroit, and Joe Jackson, Cleveland, standing alongside each other, each holding bats]. Library of Congress: American Memory, Baseball and Jackie Robinson.
[Dancers in a jazz club, Washington, D.C., between 1938 and 1948]. Gottlieb, W. P. 1938-1948. [Dancers in a jazz club, Washington, D.C., between 1938 and 1948]. Library of Congress: American Memory, William P. Gottlieb: Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz.
Marcus Garvey, 1887-1940 Unknown. 1924. Marcus Garvey, 1887-1940. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
[Composite of four full-length portraits of Mildred "Babe" Didrickson Zaharias: playing golf in Des Moines in 1946, boxing in New York in 1934, running at White Sulphur Springs, W. Va. in 1932, and playing tennis in Beverly Hills, Calif. in 1944] Associated Press. 1956. [Composite of four full-length portraits of Mildred "Babe" Didrickson Zaharias: playing golf in Des Moines in 1946, boxing in New York in 1934, running at White Sulphur Springs, W. Va. in 1932, and playing tennis in Beverly Hills, Calif. in 1944]. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Miscellaneous Items in High Demand.
"Ballad of Booker T" by Langston Hughes Hughes, L. n.d.. "Ballad of Booker T" by Langston Hughes. Library of Congress: Exhibitions, African American Odyssey.
Langston Hughes (1902-1967) to Walter White, October 29, 1925
Hughes, L. 1925. Langston Hughes (1902-1967) to Walter White, October 29, 1925 . Library of Congress: Exhibitions, American Treasures of the Library of Congress.
[Portrait of Louis Armstrong, Carnegie Hall, New York, N.Y., ca. Apr. 1947]. Gottlieb, W. 1947. [Portrait of Louis Armstrong, Carnegie Hall, New York, N.Y., ca. Apr. 1947]. Library of Congress: American Memory, William P. Gottlieb: Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz.
[Portrait of Billie Holiday, Downbeat, New York, N.Y., ca. Feb. 1947]. Gottlieb, W. 1947. [Portrait of Billie Holiday, Downbeat, New York, N.Y., ca. Feb. 1947]. Library of Congress: American Memory, William P. Gottlieb: Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz.
Music, kite-flying and women will be tolerated. Questions and dissent are forbidden / Auth. Rhoads, H. M. 1931. Music, kite-flying and women will be tolerated. Questions and dissent are forbidden / Auth. Library of Congress: American Memory, History of the American West, 1860-1920: Photographs from the Collection of the Denver Public Library.
[Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald, Dizzy Gillespie, Ray Brown, Milt (Milton) Jackson, and Timmie Rosenkrantz, Downbeat, New York, N.Y., ca. Sept. 1947] Gottlieb, W. P. 1947. [Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald, Dizzy Gillespie, Ray Brown, Milt (Milton) Jackson, and Timmie Rosenkrantz, Downbeat, New York, N.Y., ca. Sept. 1947]. Library of Congress: American Memory, William P. Gottlieb: Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz.
[Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald, New York, N.Y., ca. Nov. 1946]. Gottlieb, W. P. 1946. [Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald, New York, N.Y., ca. Nov. 1946]. Library of Congress: American Memory, William P. Gottlieb: Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz.
Amelia Earhart's palm print and analysis of her character prepared by Nellie Simmons Meier Meier, N. S. 1933. Amelia Earhart's palm print and analysis of her character prepared by Nellie Simmons Meier. Library of Congress: America's Library, Meet Amazing Americans.
[Portrait of Louis Armstrong, Carnegie Hall, New York, N.Y., ca. Apr. 1947] Gottlieb, W. P. 1947. [Portrait of Louis Armstrong, Carnegie Hall, New York, N.Y., ca. Apr. 1947]. Library of Congress: American Memory, William P. Gottlieb: Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz.
Today in History: April 7; Billie Holiday Today in History: April 7; Billie Holiday. Library of Congress: American Memory.
The studio / Jacob Lawrence. Lawrence, J. 1996. The studio / Jacob Lawrence. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Fine Prints.
[Louis Armstrong, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left, playing trumpet] Unknown. 1953. [Louis Armstrong, head-and-shoulders portrait, facing left, playing trumpet]. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, RR-New York World Telegram & Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection.
Duke Ellington at the Hurricane Club Parks, G. 1943. Duke Ellington at the Hurricane Club. Library of Congress: American Memory, African American Odyssey.
Langston Hughes Reiss, W. 1927. Langston Hughes. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
Madame C.J. Walker. Unknown. n.d.. Madame C.J. Walker. Library of Congress: American Memory, African American Odyssey.
[Ty Cobb, Detroit AL (baseball)] Unknown. 1913. [Ty Cobb, Detroit AL (baseball)]. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, RR-George Grantham Bain Collection.
[Charles Lindbergh, 1902-1974, three-quarter length portrait, standing, left profile, working on engine of "The Spirit of St. Louis"] Unknown. c1927. [Charles Lindbergh, 1902-1974, three-quarter length portrait, standing, left profile, working on engine of "The Spirit of St. Louis"]. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Miscellaneous Items in High Demand.
[Portrait of Cab Calloway]. Van Vechten, C. 1933. [Portrait of Cab Calloway]. Library of Congress: American Memory, Creative Americans: Portraits by Carl Van Vechten, 1932-1964.
Portrait of Jacob Lawrence Van Vechten, C. 1941. Portrait of Jacob Lawrence. Library of Congress: American Memory, Creative Americans: Portraits by Carl Van Vechten, 1932-1964.
[Portrait of Billie Holiday]. Van Vechten, C. 1949. [Portrait of Billie Holiday]. Library of Congress: American Memory, Creative Americans: Portraits by Carl Van Vechten, 1932-1964.
Famous aviator Amelia Earhart ("Amelia Earhart, three-quarter length portrait, standing facing front") Underwood & Underwood. 1930-1937. Famous aviator Amelia Earhart ("Amelia Earhart, three-quarter length portrait, standing facing front"). Library of Congress: America's Library, Meet Amazing Americans.
On 11 December 1923 F. Scott Fitzgerald and Maxwell Perkins lunched at the Chatham to discuss the collection that became Ring Lardner's first Scribners volume, How to Write Short Stories (1924). Fitzgerald listed possible titles and selections on the back of the menu. The note on "Good for the Soul" is in Perkins' hand. 300 copies printed to mark publication of Ring Lardner: A Descriptive Bibiliography by Matthew J. Bruccoli and Richard Layman (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1976). From the Charles Scribner's Sons Archives in the Princeton University Library. With permission from Frances Fitzgerald Smith, Charles Scribner's Sons, and the Princeton University Library. Fitzgerald, F.S. 1923. On 11 December 1923 F. Scott Fitzgerald and Maxwell Perkins lunched at the Chatham to discuss the collection that became Ring Lardner's first Scribners volume, How to Write Short Stories (1924). Fitzgerald listed possible titles and selections on the back of the menu. The note on "Good for the Soul" is in Perkins' hand. 300 copies printed to mark publication of Ring Lardner: A Descriptive Bibiliography by Matthew J. Bruccoli and Richard Layman (Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1976). From the Charles Scribner's Sons Archives in the Princeton University Library. With permission from Frances Fitzgerald Smith, Charles Scribner's Sons, and the Princeton University Library. Library of Congress: American Memory, An American Time Capsule: Three Centuries of Broadsides and Other Printed Ephemera.
Amelia Earhart Unknown. c1928. Amelia Earhart. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
[Baseball players Hack Wilson, and Babe Ruth shaking hands in a dugout at Wrigley Field before a 1929 World Series game]. Chicago Daily News, Inc. 1929. [Baseball players Hack Wilson, and Babe Ruth shaking hands in a dugout at Wrigley Field before a 1929 World Series game]. Library of Congress: American Memory, Photographs from the Chicago Daily News, 1902-1933.
[Baseball player, Fournier, White Sox, leaning over to apply the tag to Ty Cobb, Tigers, who is sliding into first base]. Chicago Daily News, Inc. 1913. [Baseball player, Fournier, White Sox, leaning over to apply the tag to Ty Cobb, Tigers, who is sliding into first base]. Library of Congress: American Memory, Photographs from the Chicago Daily News, 1902-1933.
[Portrait of Billie Holiday and Mister, Downbeat, New York, N.Y., ca. Feb. 1947]. Gottlieb, W. P. 1947. [Portrait of Billie Holiday and Mister, Downbeat, New York, N.Y., ca. Feb. 1947]. Library of Congress: American Memory, William P. Gottlieb: Photographs from the Golden Age of Jazz.
Twentieth century writer and poet Langston Hughes Van Vechten, C. 1936. Twentieth century writer and poet Langston Hughes. Library of Congress: America's Library, Meet Amazing Americans.
Old man jazz; An eccentric fox trot song. 1920 Quaw, G. 1920. Old man jazz; An eccentric fox trot song. 1920. Library of Congress: American Memory, Historic American Sheet Music, 1850-1920.
[Portrait of Langston Hughes] Van Vechten, C. 1936. [Portrait of Langston Hughes]. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Van Vechten Collection.
Lovely Billie Holiday in 1949 ("Portrait of Billie Holiday.") Van Vechten, C. 1949. Lovely Billie Holiday in 1949 ("Portrait of Billie Holiday."). Library of Congress: America's Library, Jump Back in Time.
Charles Lindbergh and the Spirit of St. Louis, May 1927 (Charles A. Lindbergh, with Spirit of St. Louis in background) Unknown. 1927. Charles Lindbergh and the Spirit of St. Louis, May 1927 (Charles A. Lindbergh, with Spirit of St. Louis in background). Library of Congress: America's Library, Jump Back in Time.
Ty Cobb in action, baseball card from 1912 (Ty Cobb Baseball Card.) Unknown. 1912. Ty Cobb in action, baseball card from 1912 (Ty Cobb Baseball Card.). Library of Congress: America's Library, Jump Back in Time.
Mr. Langston Hughes, Negro poet and playwright. Chicago, Illinois. Delano, J. 1942. Mr. Langston Hughes, Negro poet and playwright. Chicago, Illinois. Library of Congress: American Memory, America from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA and OWI, ca. 1935-1945.
Chicago, Illinois. Good Sheperd Community Center. Mr. Langston Hughes at a rehearsal at of his new play. Delano, J. 1942. Chicago, Illinois. Good Sheperd Community Center. Mr. Langston Hughes at a rehearsal at of his new play. Library of Congress: American Memory, America from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA and OWI, ca. 1935-1945.
New York, New York. Duke Ellington's trumpet section. Parks, G. 1943. New York, New York. Duke Ellington's trumpet section. Library of Congress: American Memory, America from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA and OWI, ca. 1935-1945.
Babe Ruth Unknown. 1922. Babe Ruth. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, National Photo Company Collection .
[Baseball player Babe Ruth following through after swinging a bat, standing on the field at Comiskey Park, light exposure]. Chicago Daily News, Inc. 1930. [Baseball player Babe Ruth following through after swinging a bat, standing on the field at Comiskey Park, light exposure]. Library of Congress: American Memory, Photographs from the Chicago Daily News, 1902-1933.
[Portrait of F. Scott Fitzgerald] Van Vechten, C. 1937. [Portrait of F. Scott Fitzgerald] . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Van Vechten Collection.
[Charles Lindbergh, full-length portrait, standing, facing front, beside the Spirit of St. Louis] Unknown. c1927. [Charles Lindbergh, full-length portrait, standing, facing front, beside the Spirit of St. Louis]. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.

Smithsonian American Art Museum Items

Smithsonian American Art Museum items used in this Lesson Plan.

Thumbnail Smithsonian American Art Museum Item
Jazz - the New Possession Sloan, B. (ca. 1925). Jazz - the New Possession. Smithsonian American Art Museum: Artworks, Recreation and Sports.

Other Items

Other items used in this Lesson Plan.

Thumbnail Other Item
Writer F. Scott Fitzgerald Was Born September 24, 1896 Van Vechten, C. 1937. Writer F. Scott Fitzgerald Was Born September 24, 1896. Other: America's Library, Jump Back in Time.