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Overview


Subject/Sub-Subject: Science/Physical Science


Title: Sort It Out - States of Water - liquid, gas, solid


Summary:



Students will sort pictures of the different states of water into the following categories: solid, liquid or gas.


Understanding Goal

There are different states of matter.

Investigative Question

What are the three states of water?

Grade(s): K, preK
Audience: Early Childhood
Learners: Geared for kindergarten students working in a small group. The pictures in the lesson are appropriate for second language students as well as students with a broad range of abilities.
Required Vocabulary: N/A
Prior Content Knowledge: N/A
Standards

Virginia Standards of Learning
Strand: Physical Properties
K.1 Scientific Investigation, Reasoning and Logic
K.5 Matter
The student will investigate and understand that water flows and has properties that can be observed and tested. Key concepts include:
a) water occurs in different states(solid, liquid, gas)
b) the natural flow of water is downhill
c) some materials float in water while others sink

Field Tests

Click on the title to expand the description of each field test


Sources

Sort-it-Out: States of Water, liquid, gas, solid

Understanding Goal

There are different states of matter.

Click on an image for more information.

 Save in My Sources   Save to PDF Slideshow Icon View as a slideshow

Liquid Solid Gas
Natural State Monterey County, California. Pacific Ocean
Licking blocks of ice on hot day
Clouds. Scattered clouds
Human Manipulation Hawaii / CWB.
The Atlantic
A castle of glittering ice--Montreal's Midwinter Carnival, Canada
[Eskimo building an igloo; completing the first layer of ice blocks]
As a Force World's Fair night views. Lagoon pool water fountain display
Theater Square, ice hill for 1999 New Year's celebration, Arkhangelsk, Russia
[Old Faithful Geyser, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming]

Required Materials

Files

solid_liquid_gas.zip
sol_liq_wat_bib.zip
state_water_coversheet.doc

Supply Lists

Materials:
Pictures of water in three different forms, printed out from above.
Sort Headings: solid, liquid, gas.

I backed the above items on construction paper and laminated them. I also used
magnetic tape so that they could be sorted on my white board under the appropriate heading.

Directions

Introduction

Step 1 Show the printed pictures to the students. Spend a few minutes on each one, asking the students what they see. Post the pictures on the white board and ask the students how the pictures are alike and how they different. Ask students: "How could these pictures be sorted into groups?"
Step 2 Have volunteers sort the pictures under the headings, solid, liquid. Guide students to sort by liquids and solids. Explain the difference between the different states of water. Anticipate that the third column may be tricky. Use the picture of the steam shovel and ask the students what they think is coming out of the steam shovel. Repeat this with the picture of Old Faithful and show them a the new heading of gas.
Step 3 After the pictures are in the appropriate headings, take them down, mix them up and ask students to repeat this sort without guidance. Discuss outcome with the students.

Best Practices


Analysis of Student Learning


Students were quickly able to sort items that were solids and liquids. They understood that both items consisted of water in different forms. Some of the students wanted to sort the pictures by whether or not they had people in them or no people in them. I had to focus them on the "big picture". The gas form was more difficult for them to understand but most of them, by process of elimination were able to figure out if the picture was a solid, liquid or a gas.


Analysis of Best Instructional Practices (learn more)

Differentiated Instruction Differentiated Instruction (learn more)

Product

Literacy Instruction Literacy Instruction(learn more)

Visual

Teaching for Understanding Teaching for Understanding(learn more)

Check Misconceptions

Sorting allows the teacher to see what students are thinking and allows students to recognize what they know as well.

Technology Integration Technology Integration(learn more)

Content Presented

Reflections and Recommendations


Some of the students wanted to sort the pictures by whether or not they had people in them or no people in them. I had to focus them on the "big picture". The gas form was more difficult for them to understand but most of them, by process of elimination were able to figure out if the picture was a solid, liquid, or a gas. I would recommend doing this lesson in a small group. I would also recommend showing them a glass of water vs. an ice cube to further the visual understanding of solid and liquid.


Credits

Authors and Contributors

Margot Bowers
Carlin Springs Elementary School, Arlington County Public Schools, Virginia

Library of Congress Items

Library of Congress items used in this Lesson Plan.

Thumbnail Library of Congress Item
Monterey County, California. Pacific Ocean Lee, R. 1903. Monterey County, California. Pacific Ocean. Library of Congress: American Memory, America from the Great Depression to World War II: Photographs from the FSA and OWI, ca. 1935-1945.
Clouds. Scattered clouds Horydczak, T. ca.1920-ca.1950. Clouds. Scattered clouds. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Horydczak Collection .
Theater Square, ice hill for 1999 New Year's celebration, Arkhangelsk, Russia Brumfield, W. C. 1998. Theater Square, ice hill for 1999 New Year's celebration, Arkhangelsk, Russia. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Brumfield Collection.
[Eskimo building an igloo; completing the first layer of ice blocks] Unknown. 1920-1929. [Eskimo building an igloo; completing the first layer of ice blocks]. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Carpenter Collection.
Licking blocks of ice on hot day Unknown. n.d.. Licking blocks of ice on hot day. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Bain Collection.
A castle of glittering ice--Montreal's Midwinter Carnival, Canada Keystone View Co. c1909. A castle of glittering ice--Montreal's Midwinter Carnival, Canada. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
Hawaii / CWB. Bartlett, C. W. c1919. Hawaii / CWB. . Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Fine Prints.
The Atlantic Moser, N. 1911. The Atlantic. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs.
World's Fair night views. Lagoon pool water fountain display Gottscho-Schleisner, Inc. 1939. World's Fair night views. Lagoon pool water fountain display. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Gottscho-Schleisner Collection .
[Old Faithful Geyser, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming] Unknown. 1917. [Old Faithful Geyser, Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming]. Library of Congress: Prints & Photographs, Miscellaneous Items in High Demand.
Ruby Canyon W. of Utah line steam shovel Beam, G. 1924?. Ruby Canyon W. of Utah line steam shovel . Library of Congress: American Memory, History of the American West, 1860-1920: Photographs from the Collection of the Denver Public Library.